Staking a Claim for Cambodia
26 - 27 May 2010
Cambodia’s first international mining conference took place in Phnom Penh, May 26-27, 2010. Organized jointly by UNDP Cambodia and Cambodia’s Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy, the event marked a milestone in the country’s progress in building a responsible mining industry that is poised to make a significant contribution to wealth generation and poverty reduction in the country.
The conference affirmed that building a successful, 21st century mining sector requires rigorous attention not only to geological data, mineral economics and mineral markets, but also to ever higher standards of environmental protection, conservation, and engagement with communities. Socio-economic risks in mining are significant and need to be managed. However, Cambodia stands to learn from the experiences of its regional neighbors, who actively participated in the conference. Looking forward, the conference also opened doors for new private sector investors who can bring international best practices to Cambodia. Further, the conference pointed to new opportunities to increase transparency, accountability and sustainability in Cambodia’s nascent mining sector, through increased engagement with development partners, civil society, and international institutions.
On this webpage you will find presentations and papers by main presenters and panelists in each of the sessions of the conference. UNDP Cambodia hopes that Cambodian and international organizations alike will find this information to be valuable.Conference Overview
- Speeches and Summaries
- Keynote Presentations
- Working Session 1: Governance and Mining Law - The Role of the State
- Working Session 2: Mineral Exploration and Development - Risk and Reward
- Working Session 3: Regional and International Country Experiences - Lessons Learned
- Working Session 4: Environmental Performance - Essential for Modern Mining
- Working Session 5: The People Dimension - Opportunities for Workers and Communities
Welcome and Introductory Remark by H.E Suy Sem, Minister of Industry, Mines and Energy
Welcome and Introductory Remark by Mr. Douglas Broderick, UN Resident Coordinator, UNDP Resident Representative
Contributors Welcoming Remarks by H.E. Ms. Margaret Anne Adamson, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Australia
Regional Perspective by Mr. Nicholas Rossellini, UNDP Deputy Assistant Administrator and Deputy Regional Director for the Asia and the Pacific Region
Closing Remark by H.E Suy Sem, Minister of Industry, Mines and Energy
Mining Conference Summary
The Context and Situation of Mineral Sector in Cambodiaby H.E Mr Sok Leng, Director General, General Department of Mineral Resources, Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy
The Global Context for Mining and Extractive Industriesby Dr. Richard Schodde, Associate Consultant, CRU Strategies and Adjunct Professor School of Earth Sciences, University of Western Australia
Governance and Mining Law - The Role of the State
The purpose of this session was to consider governance arrangements that contribute to the growth of a successful and responsible mining sector in Cambodia. Key issues included policy and legal frameworks, international best practices in the management of mineral exploration and development, and transparency including the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI).
The Role of the State in the Extractive Industriesby Mr. Craig Andrews, Principal Mining Specialist, Oil, Gas, Mining and Chemicals Department, World Bank
The case for implementing the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI)by Dr. Sam Bartlett, Regional Director - Europe & Asia, Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), EITI International Secretariat
Legal Frameworkby Ms. Jennifer Cook Clark, J.D., LL.M.,President, PACRIM Resource Development, Inc
Mineral Exploration and Development - Risk and Reward
In this session, the economics of the mining sector was discussed, including the factors that guide mining industry risk assessments. In the context of the mineral supply chain, issues to be considered include comparative fiscal regimes, the costing of mining projects and mineral exploration financing.
Risks Affecting Mineral Exploration Investment in Cambodiaby Mr. Mick Sharry, Exploration Manager, OZ Minerals
Mineral Exploration and Mine Development: Risk and Rewardby Prof Dr. Roderick Eggert, Professor and Division Director Economices and Business, Colorado School of Mines, USA
Comparative Fiscal Regimesby Mr. Bob Parsons, Independent Fiscal Consultant
Exploration and Development - Risk and Measuresby Mr. Yuji Nishikawa, Senior Analyst, Metal Economics Research Institute, Japan
Regional and International Country Experiences - Lessons Learned
The practical, ‘real world’ experiences of selected Asian middle income and developing countries in developing and managing their mining sector were the focus of this session. Presentations covered recent legal and policy developments, lessons learned, and innovative regional approaches, with consideration of implications for Cambodia.
Regional and International Country Experiences - Lessons learnedby Mr. Richard Thompson, Mining Consultant
Experiences in Promoting Development of Mining Sector in Vietnamby Dr. Nguyen Thi Minh Ngoc, International Cooperation Division, Department of Geology and Minerals of Vietnam (DGMV), Vietnam
Current Situation of China Energy Developmentby Dr. Prof. Zhu Deren, Former Vice-Chairman of the China National Coal Association, Director of Coal Division of China Quality Association Industry
Responsible Mining Initiative for Sustainable Developmentby Dr. Zinaameder Batbayar, Member Board of Directors, Responsible Mining Initiative, Mongolia
Mineral Development in Lao PDRby Mr. Eravanh Boungnaphalom, Director of Environment and Mining Inspection Division, Ministry of Energy and Mines, Lao PDR
Environmental Performance - Essential for Modern Mining
This session examined selected environmental considerations that must be taken into account in the development of Cambodia’s mining sector. Issues include addressing conservation and development objectives, the management of protected areas, and ensuring environmental sustainability through the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process.
Developing Cambodia’s Mining Sector: An Environmental Perspectiveby Prof. Dr. Saleem Ali, Associate Professor of Environmental Studies, Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Vermnont, USA
Interventionby H.E. Mr. Khieu Muth, Secretary of State, Ministry of Environment
Perspectives from a Cambodian Civil Society Organizationby Mr. Jason D. Jones, Advisor EISEI Network, Development and Partnership in Action (DPA)
Integrated Acid Mine Drainage Managementby Mr. Imanuel Manege, General Manager, Environment Division, Kaltim Prima Koal, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
Sustainable and responsible mining – Cambodia’s mineral development goalsby Mr. Sieng Sotham, Director, Department of Geology, Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy Presentation
The People Dimension - Opportunities for Workers and Communities
Communities located near mining exploration and development projects, and the women and men who live there, have a direct stake in how mining projects develop. Indigenous populations are especially vulnerable to new development projects from outside. This session examined community engagement best practices, local employment opportunities, and the special challenges of small-scale artisanal gold mining.
An Overview of Issues around Workers and Communitiesby Dr. Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt, Fellow, Research Management in Asia-Pacific Program, the Australian National University
The People Dimensionby Mr. Robin Evans, Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining, University of Queensland, Australia
Governance Approaches in Artisanal Gold Mining Communities: Supporting Livelihoods and Enhancing Social Opportunities in the Asia Pacific Countriesby Mr. Samuel J. Spiegel, Doctoral Candidate, Department of Geography, Trinity College, University of Cambridge, UK
How Resource Extraction has affected my community, and lessons learnedby Ms. Michelle White, Aboriginal Community Economic Projects Coordinator, CANDO, Canada
Opportunities and Challenges facing the people living in mineral exploration and mining areasby Mr. Yos Monirath, Director, Department of Mineral Resources